Colombia, The Perfect Climate For Cannabis And Hemp
In this article we will explore the perfect climate for biodiversity and why it preserves a perfect growing environment for both cannabis and hemp.
Colombia; a place famous for its latin culture rich foods such as arepas, their incredibly talented musicians and dancers, and of course, their fiestas that outshine any good time you seek in the northern states. In addition to it’s wonderful attributes, this beautiful country of Colombia, has the perfect climate for cannabis and hemp.
It starts off with the sunlight, Colombia has an equatorial climate and shines 12 hours of daylight per day upon the country. The land also has an abundance of water resources sprawled throughout the entire region. In the Manizales region there are places like Caldas, that have a rainfall of 65% and 72% with moderate breeze; an ideal climate to control humidity levels in outdoor greenhouses according to Skyhemporganic.com. Adequate humidity levels between 50%-80% provides the healthy growth of plants and also helps control the growth of mold and fungi. Colombia is perfectly arranged for these humidity levels.
Geographically, it is a great location that retains a biodiverse environment and also the country’s position is ideal for exportation. It’s soil is very fertile, volcanic in nature and has little contaminants; which is suitable for cannabis and allows planting to proceed without added fertilizers or chemicals.
In Caldas, there are micro arid, subtropical, tropical, and temperate climates that climb in elevation that ranges from 500-3,600 meters above sea level. The Manizales region preserves a stable temperature without bouncing back and forth between extreme temperatures. The average temperature in this region is 22 degrees (celsius).
The Cannabis Global Market
7% of the Colombian economy relies on agriculture, which could grow abundantly if the Colombian government amended regulations of exportation of cannabis products. Currently, the exportation of cannabis products outside of the country is only legal if it is for “scientific purposes.”
North Americans, Europeans and Austrailians are increasingly searching for a solution towards cheaper ways of expediting the production of cannabis. With cheap labor costs, a rural skilled workforce, a perfect growing climate and cheap land readily available, Colombia is considered the one of the most desirable places in the world in the cannabis industry’s eyes.
The legal cannabis industry is one of the fastest growing in the world now that a large portion of the globe has legalized marijuana. According to the Financial Times; in just a few years most of Europe, Latin America, Canada and over 30 states of the US will have passed the legal use of medical marijuana. Canada and Uruguay have fully legalized the recreational use of cannabis as well as the following states: Oregon, Washington, Alaska, California, Montana, South Dakota, Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Washington DC, New Jersey, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Maine with many more well on their way!
So with a growing market like this, it is plausible for a country like Colombia that relies in part on their agriculture revenue to benefit their economy as a whole, that investing in the cannabis global market would be exceptionally beneficial.
Pivoting Towards The Hemp Farming Business
Some of the Colombian agriculture industry is considering pivoting towards the hemp farming business. Caldas, in the Manizales region of Colombia is one of the more prominent regions for coffee growing in the country. Because of this, the region has a plethora of skilled field workers who could rapidly pivot towards the hemp farming business with minimal training.
Local media has gone as far as stating that Colombia could supply two-fifths of the world’s cannabis. They also stated that the cannabis industry in the long run could be even more beneficial than current working industries like coal, coffee, bananas, and cut-flowers. Some farmers are not only considering these ideas but some are even excited at the idea of new and boundless opportunities.
Though, industry experts have warned farmers to halt in hesitation as an array of things could go wrong. “It might be true that Colombia is the best country in the world for cannabis cultivation because of the climate and sunlight and because land and labour are cheap. . . But it isn’t enough. To produce medical cannabis you need the very highest quality standards.” Said Andres Lopez, the former director of the National Narcotics Fund.
Pivoting an entire farm’s focus from one form of agriculture towards cannabis also requires an investment that most small scale Colombian farmers can not afford. Another roadblock is security. As of 2019, the Colombian cocaine industry was the largest it has ever been to date. Many observers worry that if the cannabis industry begins to thrive in Colombia that it would get lost and found in the hands of the criminals that perpetuate the violence and the struggle of cultivating peace in the country.
Colombia’s Future In Hemp And Cannabis
Colombia indeed has the perfect climate for cannabis and hemp in the eyes of the beholder, but will the country make room for it? With the peace deal that the Colombian government made with the Marxist guerilla group named ‘The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia’ back in 2016, the idea of cannabis growing being safe, is tangible.
There are also companies like PharmaCielo who are working with more than 60 farmers and training them how to produce quality medicinal cannabis. The company also works with indigenous people who have grown cannabis for centuries in the fertile hills of the country.
With companies taking small steps like addressed above and industry activists striving for change in the government’s restrictions on the exportation of cannabis flower that is not for scientific purposes, there seems to be a future in hemp and cannabis in Colombia as long as the momentum of the global market continues and the people of the country continue to promote their favor of welcoming the cannabis industry into the arms of Colombia.